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125 anniversary of the death of Nicolaus Otto - the creator of 4-stroke engine

It's been 125 years since the death of Nicolaus August Otto, the founder of 4-stroke engine and the founder of the world's first engine plant that operates in Cologne today (today Deutz AG).

125 anniversary of the death of Nicolaus Otto - the creator of 4-stroke engine

Nicolaus August Otto - the son of a farmer, not having a self-taught higher education - has become one of the most important innovators in the history of mankind.


He was born on June 10, 1832. Work on the 4-suwowymi combustion engines began in 1862. Using theoretical assumptions FrenchmanAlphonse Eugène Beau de Rochas , who, in 1861. Proposed a pre-compression air-fuel mixture before it is ignited which greatly improved the utilization of the energy contained in the fuel in relation to the solution proposed by another Frenchman Etienne Lenoir in 1860.


In 1864. Otto met educated engineer Eugen Langen , who acquainted with the achievements of his proposed conduct of the joint venture.Factory named NA Otto & Cie. Was founded in the same year.



The company dealt with the development of internal combustion engines built on the basis of imperfect solution Lenoir . Improved engine was characterized by much lower fuel consumption than engines modeled on the structure of the Frenchman, which was spotted in 1867. At the World Exhibition in Paris, where the drive unit Otto and Langen won the Grand Prix .


After 14 years of research and development, May 9, 1876., Which is exactly 140 years ago, Nicolaus August Otto presented the 4-stroke internal combustion engine in which the air-fuel mixture was pre-compressed before ignition. As a result, combustion in the engine ran more smoothly than atmospheric in the engine, and exhaust gas pressure more conducive to the piston for greater efficiency. The fuel in this engine still remained gas light.


But after that, as in 1884. The company has developed a carburetor and electric ignition, 4-stroke engines can be supplied with liquid fuels.This allowed the widespread application in transport.



Nicolaus August Otto died in Cologne, January 26, 1891 r., At the age of 59. The principle of operation of its 4-stroke spark ignition engine, called today the engine Otto, is still used in today's cars. Otto engines are one of the main sources of power used in the automotive industry.


Currently, we founded by Nicolaus August Otto the company operates under the name Deutz AG and is a leader in the production of internal combustion engines for various applications.







Author: AL
Source: Autolatest

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